Most parents with resources send their kids to private schools and those who don’t, send their kids to government schools (Hanushek, 1997). This trend extends to other activities such as sports, health, food etc – and hence in the process, we are witnessing further segregation.
While it’s debatable if private schools are better than government schools or not but recently there has been a gradual shift in the preference for private schools even among those parents who come from socially/economically disadvantaged groups with the implementation of The Right to Education Act (Saha, 2017; Verma, John, Kalra, 2018)
Enabling parents from disadvantaged backgrounds to a choice of school irrespective of what economic or social background they come from would lead to more kids moving towards private schools – which is happening in various states. Due to this migration the pressure is on governments to enroll students in public schools. Instead of curbing the flow of students to private schools by improving outcomes, unfortunately the government is looking for ways to disable the choice of parents.
The Delhi government has led by example by enabling parents to have a choice and subsequently improving the quality of government schools to prove that one can increase enrolment in public schools. If this trend continues in Delhi, private schools will either have to increase the quality to justify the fee they charge or focus on some other value proposition.
In 1990 this sort of competition between public and private bank led to overall improvement of banking system, the benefits of which we are seeing over the last few decades (Sathye, 2005).
Overall, this increase in competition could possibly lead to desired outcomes of quality education for all. It would be irrelevant if its provided by private or public schools.
Hanushek. 1997. “Assessing the Effects of School Resources on Student Performance: an Update.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
Saha, Devanik (2017), Parents opt for private schools as enrolment in govt-run institutions falls by 13 million over past 5 years, Firstpost , (Accessed on : 21st, May, 2019)
Sathye, Milind (2005) Privatization, Performance, and Efficiency: A Study of Indian Banks (Accessed on : 21st, May, 2019)
Verma Kanika, John Cecil, Kalra Aakriti, Zaidi Basit. 2018. Bright Spots: Status of social inclusion through RTE Section 12(1)(c) 2018